The past sentences are very important. Due lớn the fact, that they allow us khổng lồ describe actions or past events in history.

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The past simple describes actions that happened in a specific moment in the past. On the other hvà, the past continuous describes actions that were in progress in the past.

In this topic, you will learn the difference between the past simple and the past continuous in the affirmative sầu, negative sầu và interrogative form, và describe actions that took place in your life. At the same time, you will be able lớn talk and write about your last vacations and contrast finished actions, mention the actions that were in progress in an specific moment, & finally mention those actions that were happening simultaneously.


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Objective

At the end of this topic you will: Use the past simple và past continuous, describing short stories about your last vacation, in order to give sầu information in the past và to lớn talk about actions that were in progress.


Content Past Simple

The past tenses are important because they describe actions that took place in our lives.

The past simple is used khổng lồ talk about finished actions in the past.

Examples: I traveled lớn Cancun last summer.I visited the National Anthropology Museum.


The structure for the past simple (affirmative) is:

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Itraveledlớn Cancun last summerYoutraveledto lớn Cancun last summerHetraveledto lớn Cancun last summerShetraveledlớn Cancun last summerIttraveledto lớn Cancun last summerYoutraveledto Cancun last summerWetraveledkhổng lồ Cancun last summerTheytraveledkhổng lồ Cancun last summer

The verb in past simple is the same for all the personal pronouns in the subjectWhen a regular verb is used in the past simple (+) most of the time ed is added at the end of the verb. For example: play…. played / stay… stayedFor the regular verbs, there are some Spelling rules that we have sầu to take inlớn consideration.Spelling RulesBase FormsPast
Add edWorkStayWorkedPlayed
Just add d if the verb finishes in eLikeLiked
Change y to lớn i after a consonant, add edStudyStudied
If a one- syllable verb ends in consonant- vowel- consonant. Double the final consonant , add edStopStopped

The structure for the past simple (negative) is:

Ididn"ttravelto Cancun last summerYoudidn"ttravelto Cancun last summerHedidn"ttravelto Cancun last summerShedidn"ttravelkhổng lồ Cancun last summerItdidn"ttravellớn Cancun last summerYoudidn"ttravelkhổng lồ Cancun last summerWedidn"ttravelto Cancun last summerTheydidn"ttravelto lớn Cancun last summer

In the negative sầu khung the verb (simple form) và auxiliary are the same for all the personal pronouns in the subject.

The structure for the past simple (interrogative) is:

DidItravellớn Cancun last summer?Didyoutravellớn Cancun last summer?Didhetravellớn Cancun last summer?Didshetravellớn Cancun last summer?Didittravellớn Cancun last summer?Didyoutravellớn Cancun last summer?Didwetravelto Cancun last summer?Didtheytravelto lớn Cancun last summer?

In the affirmative sầu khung once again the verb (simple form) và auxiliary are the same for all the personal pronouns in the subject in the past simple.The questions in the past simple can be answered with short answers:Affirmative sầu form:Yes, (I, You, He, She, It, You, We, They) didNegative sầu form:No, (I, You, He, She, It, You, We, They) did not / didn"tFor example:Yes, she did. / No, she didn"t.The questions in the past simple can be answered with long answers:Affirmative sầu form:Yes, (I, You, He, She, It, You, We, They) traveled khổng lồ CancunNegative form:No, (I, You, He, She, It, You, We, They) did not / didn"t traveled to CancunFor example:Yes, he traveled to lớn Cancun. / No, she didn"t travel to lớn Cancun.

Wh- questions are used in the past simple in order khổng lồ ask for specific information. The structure is:

PlaceExample: Where did (I, you, he, she, it, you, we, they) go?(I, you, he, she, it, you, we, they) went khổng lồ Cancun. Specific thing, objectExample: What did (I, you, he, she, it, you, we, they) do?(I, you, he, she, it, you, we, they) ate Mexican food.TimeExample: When did (I, you, he, she, it, you, we, they) go?(I, you, he, she, it, you, we, they) went last summer.When referring khổng lồ peopleExample: Who did you go with?I went with my mother.Way, manner, formExample: How did (I, you, he, she, it, you, we, they) travel?(I, you, he, she, it, you, we, they) traveled by plane. Reason, explanationExample: Why did you travel by train?Because (I, you, he, she, it, you, we, they) go? didn"t have enough money.

The past continuous is used khổng lồ describe an action in progress at a specific moment in the past, or lớn describe those actions that were interrupted by a short action in the past.

ExampleI was watching the game last Saturday at ten o’cloông chồng.


Affirmative

For the past continuous (affirmative) we use:

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I was watching the game
You were watching the game
He was watching the game
She was watching the game
It was watching the game
You were watching the game
We were watching the game
They were watching the game

Were is used for the plural pronouns and was is used for the singular pronouns.


For the past continuous (negative) we use:

I was not watching the game
You were not watching the game
He was not watching the game
She was not watching the game
It was not watching the game
You were not watching the game
We were not watching the game
They were not watching the game


was I watching the game?
were You watching the game?
was He watching the game?
was She watching the game?
was It watching the game?
were You watching the game?
were We watching the game?
were They watching the game?

The Questions in the past continuous can be answered with short answers.

Affirmative form Yes, (I, He, She, It) was Yes, (You, We, They) were Negative form No, (I, He, She, It) was not / wasn"t No, (You, We, They) were not / weren"t For example: Was he watching the game? Yes, he was No, he wasn"t Were they watching the game? Yes, they were No, he were not The Questions in the past continuous can be answered with complete answers. Affirmative sầu size Yes, (I, He, She, It) was watching the game Yes, (You, We, They) were watching the game Negative form No, (I, He, She, It) was not / wasn"t watching the game No, (You, We, They) were not / weren"t watching the game For example: Was he watching the game? Yes, he was watching the game No, he wasn"t watching the game Were they watching the game? Yes, they were watching the game No, he were not watching the game

Place

Example: Where was (I, He, She, It) going?
(I, He, She, It) was going khổng lồ Chapultepec Park.
Where were (You, We, They) going?
(You, We, They) were going khổng lồ Chapultepec Park.

Specific thing, object

Example: What was (I, He, She, It) doing?
(I, He, She, It) was eating Mexican food.
What were (You, We, They) doing?
(You, We, They) were eating Mexican food.

Time

Example: When was (I, He, She, It) going?
(I, He, She, It) was going in the morning.
When were (You, We, They) going?
(You, We, They) were going in the morning.

• Is only used when referring to lớn people

Example: Who was (I, He, She, It) going with?
(I, He, She, It) was going with my mother.
Who were (You, We, They) going with?
(You, We, They) were going with my mother.

Reason, explanation

Example: Why was (I, He, She, It) flying by plane?
(I, He, She, It) was going with my mother.
Why were (You, We, They) flying by plane?
Because, (You, We, They) were visiting Mexiteo City.

We often use the past continuous & the past simple in the same sentence. The action in the past simple is short và usually unexpected. It interrupts the “longer” action which is usually in a past continuous form. For example:


What were you doing when the plane landed?

I was looking in my bag for my passport when I heard a shout.

We jumped inlớn a oto that was waiting for the bus stop

I was watching TV while my wife was sleeping.


When we have sầu a sentence in past simple và another in past continuous we often use when & while,but we have to lớn take into lớn consideration the following rules.

RuleExamplesWhenWhile
When is followed by a sentence in past simple.When I took the photo lớn, the kids were playing.The kids were playing when I took the pholớn.
While is followed by a sentence in past continuous.While I was hhanoitc.comng dinner, my father arrived.My father arrived while I was hhanoitc.comng dinner.
While is also used when two actions are happening simultaneously.While I was watching TV my mother was cooking.I was watching TV while my mother was cooking.

Reading

Activity 1

Something lớn remember

We really enjoy sharing our travelling experiences; we talk about them with our family and friends.


Nowadays, this information can be read by people that we don’t even know. Due khổng lồ the fact, that we post this information on the website.

Xem thêm: Gợi Ý Trả Lời Phỏng Vấn Du Học Mỹ Một Các Câu Hỏi Phỏng Vấn Du Học Mỹ Thường Gặp

Read how Natasha và Bruno’s family spkết thúc the last vacations in the blog "My last vacation".